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Principles of Teaching
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Syllabus

I. Course Description

 

This course aims to expose teacher-education students to the different principles of teaching and learning- their underlying theories- and the different approaches, methods, or strategies that budded from it.  

 

This course further aims to equip the student-teachers all the necessary knowledge, information, and skills in learning delivery systems, such that, they would turn out to be effective and efficient in exercising their teaching career.

 

 

II. Objectives

 

At the end of the term, the students can

 

*demonstrate understanding of the theories and principles of teaching and learning,

 

*explain the underlying theories governing the different teaching principles, approaches, and/or strategies, and

 

*apply the different teaching principle, approaches, methods, and/or strategies in the teaching-learning process.

 

 

III. Course Outline

 

TEACHING AND THE TEACHER                                                               

 

            Why teaching?

            Why teacher?

            What is a teacher?

 

THEORETICAL BASES OF THE PRINCIPLES

AND METHODS OF TEACHING

 

            Early Educational Theories

            Behaviorism

                        Connectionism (E. Thorndike)

                        Classical Conditioning (I. Pavlov)

                        Operant conditioning (BF Skinner)

            Constructivism

            Cognitivism

 

PRINCIPLES OF TEACHING

 

            Starting Principles

 

                        The nature of the learner

Individual differences

                                    Intelligence

                                    Multiple intelligences

                                    Emotional intelligence

                                    Learning styles

   Motivation

                        Behavior modification

                        The law of readiness

                        The law of effect

                        The law of exercise

 

            Guiding principles

 

                        Learning theories and processes

                                    Learning Domains

                                                Cognitive

                                                Affective

                                                Psychomotor

                                    Generic Skills

                        Theories underlying sequencing of instruction

                        Principles of learning

                        Teaching approaches, methods, and strategies

                                    Teaching approaches for early childhood education

                        The syllabus

                                    Lesson planning

                        Facilitating learning

                                    Modes/Styles of facilitation (Heron, 1989)

                        The use of instructional materials

                        Classroom communication

                                    Questioning techniques

 

Ending principles

 

            Measurement and evaluation of learning

            Aims of Philippine education

           

THE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT

 

            Classroom management / teaching styles

            Classroom organization

            Student behaviors

 

 

IV. References

 

Anderson, John R. (1997). 1995 Award Addresses. ACT – A Simple Theory of Complex

            Cognition. Carnegie Mellon University. http://act-r.psy.cmu.edu/papers/97/

            ACT.ASimpleTheory.pdf

 

Armstrong, Thomas. (2000). Multiple Intelligences.

           http://www.thomasarmstrong.com/multiple_intelligences.htm

 

Bencze, John Lawrence. (no date). Teaching. General Education.

            http://leo.oise.utoronto.ca/~lbencze/Teaching.html

 

Brooks, J. and Brooks, M. (1993). In search of understanding: The case for

           constructivist classrooms. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

           http://www.nsdc.org/standards/qualityteaching.cfm

 

Doyle, Michele Erina and Mark K. Smith. (1997). Jean-Jacques Rousseau on education.

            infed. http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-rous.htm

 

Gregorio, Herman C. (1976). Principles and Methods of Teaching. Quezon City:

           Garotech Publishing.

 

Hauser, Larry. (2006). Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Behaviorism.

            http://www.iep.utm.edu/b/behavior.htm

 

http://tip.psychology.org/sequence.html Sequencing of Instruction

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_B._Watson

 

Hochstein, Lorin. (2002). ACT-R.

           http://www.cs.umd.edu/class/fall2002/cmsc838s/tichi/actr.html

 

Kizlik, RJ. (2006). Instructional Methods Information.

            http://www.adprima.com/teachmeth.htm

 

Kristinsdotter, Solrun B. (2001). Constructivist Theories.

            http://starfsfolk.khi.is/solrunb/construc.htm

 

MSN Encarta. (2006). History of Education.

            http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761561415_3/History_of_Education.html

 

 Prinz, Jesse. (2004). behaviorism.

           http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~philos/MindDict/behaviorism.html

 

 Randall, Vernellia. (2004). Learning Domains. Three Types of Learning.

            http://academic.udayton.edu/gender/01Unit/lesson01c.htm

 

Science for All Americans Online. Chapter 13. Effective Learning and Teaching.

            Principles of Learning. http://www.project2061.org/publications/sfaa/online/

            Chap13.htm?txtRef=&txtURIOld=%2Ftools%2Fsfaaol%2FChap13.htm

 

School of Professional Education and Executive Development. (2002). Learning and

            Teaching Approaches. The Hongkong Polytechnic University

            http://www.speed.polyu.edu.hk/teach_learning.htm

 

Thanasoulas, Dimitrios. (no date). Constructivist Learning.

           http://www.seasite.niu.edu/Tagalog/Teachers_Page/Language_Learning_Articles/

        constructivist_learning.htm

 

Sherman, L.W. (1995). A Postmodern, constructivist and cooperative pedagogy for

            teaching educational psychology, assisted by computer mediated

            communications. In Proceedings of CSCL ’95 Conference.

 

SIL. (1999). Schema theory of learning.

            http://www.sil.org/lingualinks/literacy/ImplementALiteracyProgram/

         SchemaTheoryOfLearning.htm

 

University of Western Australia Centre for the Advancement of Teaching and Learning.

             (2003).Facilitating Learning

             http://www.catl.uwa.edu.au/support/publications/

             ITL/1995/5/facilitating

 

Widmayer, Sharon Alayne. (no date). Schema Theory: An Introduction. George Mason

            University. http://chd.gse.gmu.edu/immersion/knowledgebase/strategies

         cognitivism/SchemaTheory.htm

 

Whitehead, Alfred North. (no date). Discussion Upon Fundamental Principles of

 Education (1919). http://www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp?title=2590

 

1987 Philippine Constitution – Article 14

 

Batas Pambansa 232 – Education Act of 1982

 

 

V.  Delivery Approaches

 

      Cooperative Learning –Team Learning

      Learning by Teaching – Teaching Demonstration

      Lecture / Discussion – Socratic Method

      Library Research

 

 

VI. Criteria for Grading

 

      Class Recitation (Verbal Report, Verbal Discussion) …………………….   40.00 %

      Term Examination (Prelim, Midterm, Semifinal, Final) …………………....   30.00 %

      Quizzes …………………………………………………………………......…   15.00 %

      Term Paper ……………………………………………………………….......    10.00 %

       Attendance ………………………………………………………….............     5.00 %

                                                      Total …………………………………….........  100.00 %

 

     

 

                                                                                  MARIETTA A. EBALLE, Ed.D.

                                                                                                  Professor

 

Feedback, submissions, suggestions? Email: maeballe@yahoo.com